Swimming technique testing system by prof. Rein Haljand
swimmer Quality control of BACKSTROKE TURN technique  
 
   
 
       
  1. SWIMMING BEFORE TURN        
x Swimming speed before turn      
  2. ROLL-OVER STROKE PHASE        
x Forward speed during roll over stroke (higher then swimming speed)  
 
 
  3. ROTATION PHASE        
x Timing of the beginning rotation (head down at the end of last stroke)      
x Action of arms during rotation (avoid unnecessary movements )      
x Action of legs during rotation (dolphin leg kick and quick recovery)      
x Placing the feet to the wall (correctly and simultaneously )      
x Movement of hips during rotation (elliptical)      
x Duration of rotation (short)      
  4. PUSHING PHASE        
x Position of arms for push (hide head between the streched arms)  
 
 
x Back position (rigid and fixed during push)      
x Mean pushing speed (high)      
x Push duration (very short)      
  5. GLIDING PHASE        
x Head , body and legs position (must be very streamlined )  
 
 
x Glide speed after push before leg kicks      
  6. UNDERWATER KICKING PHASE        
x Timing of the beginning the first leg kick      
x Head and arms position during leg kicks  
 
 
x Rhythm and action of legs during kicking      
x Duration and number of kicks to keep high forward speed      
x Speed during leg kicks      
  7.PULLOUT PHASE        
x Timing of the beginning of first pullout stroke  
 
 
x Forward speed during first pullout stroke      
x Timing of the beginning second pullout stroke      
x Forward speed during second pullout stroke      
x The action of arm strokes and recovery during pullout  
 
 
x The action of body during pullout      
x Timing of arms and legs at the end of pullout strokes      
  7. SWIMMING AFTER TURN        
x Swimming speed after turn ( better compared to speed before turn and pullout)      
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
100%      
       
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