Swimming technique testing system              by prof. Rein Haljand
swimmer Quality control of   BACKSTROKE START technique  
 
       
 
       
  1. REACTION & HANDS RELEASE  PHASE        
x · Start position      
x · Reaction time  from signal to hand release      
x · Hip position (out from water)       
  2. PUSHING PHASE        
x · Transfer impulsive pushing forces        
x · Timing of arms action  
 
 
x · Head speed forward      
x · Body position at the end of push      
x · The duration of pushing action       
  3. FLIGHT PHASE        
x · Hip position during flight   
 
 
x · Legs action ( feet out of  water before entry)      
x · Arms action ( near and from side of the body)      
x · Flight speed      
  4.  ENTRY & GLIDE PHASE        
x · Head position during entry (between arms)  
 
 
x · Body and legs  streamlined  entry (without splashing , through “ one hole”)      
x ·The length of head entry      
x · Forward speed of hands during entry      
x · Speed immediately after entry before first kick      
  5.  UNDERWATER KICKING PHASE        
x · Timing of the beginning the first leg kick  
 
 
x · Head and arms position during leg kicks      
x · Rhythm and action of legs during kicking      
x · Duration and number of  kicks   to  keep  high forward speed      
x · Speed during leg kicks      
x · Trajectory of gradual rise to surface       
  6.  PULLOUT PHASE        
x · Timing of the beginning of first pullout stroke  
 
 
x · Forward speed during first pullout stroke      
x · Timing of the beginning second pullout stroke      
x · Forward speed during second pullout stroke      
x · The action of  arm strokes and recovery during pullout       
x · The action of body during pullout      
x · Timing of arms and legs at the end of pullout strokes      
  7.  SWIMMING AFTER START        
x · Swimming speed after pullout strokes  
 
 
       
       
       
       
       
       
100%      
       
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